1. RFC 0696
Network Working Group                                            V. Cerf
Request for Comments: 696                            Stanford University
NIC: 32962                                                     July 1975

           Comments on IMP/HOST and HOST/IMP Protocol Changes

   With reference to RFC's 687, 690, and 692 (NIC's 32564, 32699, and
   32734, respectively) by D.C. Walden, J. Postel, and S. Wolfe
   (respectively), I would like to offer some observations relative to
   current international standards recommendations from working group
   6.1 of the International Federation of Information Processing.  In a
   meeting held last May at the NCC, this working group voted to present
   a recommendation to CCITT (International Consultative Committee on
   Telephony and Telegraphy of the International Telegraphics Union) for
   a standard packet (or DATAGRAM) header.

   The proposed packet header format is meant to interface hosts to
   packet networks.  It is not a header for Host-to-Host protocol, nor
   is it an IMP-to-IMP header.  The bulk of the header is taken up with
   addressing space(96 bits!)  since this will be compatible with the
   current maximum address space of the telephone system (14 digits).


      This field allows local networks to operate easily on multiple
      formats, since the 4 bits can be used in any fashion desired by
      the local network.


      This field could be used by ARPANET to contain "1001" binary, so
      as to maintain backward compatibility with the existing message
      leader format.

   PACKET TYPE CODE - 8 bits

      This could be used for the HOST/IMP and IMP/HOST code.

   FACILITIES - 16 bits

      These bits have not yet been specifically allocated.  Some will no
      doubt be for international services (e.g., tracing at gateways
      between networks, accounting, class of service).  It was the
      feeling of WG 6.1 members that some of these bits (e.g., 8) might
      be allocated to the originating network (or destination network)
      for its own use.

Cerf                                                            [Page 1]
RFC 696    Comments on IMP/HOST and HOST/IMP Protocol Changes  July 1975

   TEXT LENGTH - 16 bits

      These bits count the number of octets in the text of the packet,
      not including octets in the header (which is fixed in length for
      any particular format).

   DESTINATION ADDRESS - 48 bits [1]

      These bits could be allocated in the following way: Destination
      Network Identifier - 8 bits; Destination Host Identifier - 8 bits;
      Destination IMP identifier - 16 bits; Reserved- 16 bits.

   SOURCE ADDRESS - 48 bits

      These bits would be used in a fashion similar to the destination
      address bits.

   The resulting packet is 144 bits long and adding the present 40-bit
   Host-to-Host header results in a total of 184 bits, which is not very
   pleasant.  A temporary fix (until we can introduce a new NCP design)
   might be to squeeze out the reserved 16-bit fields in the source and
   destination address fields, giving 32 bits to carry the byte size and
   byte count information for the present Host/Host protocol.
   Alternatively, the length field of the packet header and one of the
   facilities flags (or a whole field) could be used to indicate byte
   size and byte count.  Either idea would require some fairly
   substantial modification of existing NCP programs, so is probably not
   very palatable.

   Another alternative would be to add a dummy byte after the 144th bit
   of header, followed by 40 bits of NCP header, giving a total length
   of message leader and NCP header of 192 bits, a number divisible by
   12, 16, 24, 32, 48.

   With respect to the proposed text length field, although bit lengths
   are the most flexible, it seems reasonable to admit that nearly all
   data transmission is done in 8-bit quantities, and therefore that bit
   lengths are, in fact, an unnecessary luxury.  This is a weak argument
   when 36-bit and 32-bit machines must interface.

         [ This RFC was put into machine readable form for entry ]
         [ into the online RFC archives by Alex McKenzie with    ]
         [ support from GTE, formerly BBN Corp.            11/99 ]

Cerf                                                            [Page 2]
  1. RFC 0696